Standard Tales in Sierra Leone: What Job for Librarians?

INTRODUCTION

Tales are as outdated as language, as outdated as the earliest societies. A couple of of the earliest tales even endure: individuals explained to in pictorial type on partitions of cave in Lascaux, in France or in the Mpongweni Mountains in Lesotho.
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And other folks have appear down to us in the world’s myths and folklore to which we now have accessibility on the printed age. Storytelling is older than printing, more mature than producing, and the very first tales to be set down on paper, papyrus or parchment were being not the do the job of these authors but data of the oral traditions of previous generations. In Sierra Leone as it is in most African international locations storytelling is an integral element of the country’s lifestyle whilst oral traditions have extremely mostly yielded to the written word.

We find out as we dwell when we are youngsters, younger men and women and older people. Discovering is not confined to the classroom alone: it can choose area everywhere. Moral values and social norms, beliefs and codes have to be transmitted from technology to the subsequent, regardless of whether modified or not. Informal studying options are appropriate and might be dominant even these days when additional formalized and certain institutions have partly taken more than.

Whilst Sierra Leoneans guard by themselves from their previous equally educationists and librarians see a whole lot in storytelling that could be utilized as foundation to orient and create the young in the school process. There are many indications that an immense richness of standard pedagogy in respect to the principles, contents, methods and institutional preparations existed and continue to exist in Sierra Leone. Tale tellers, their tales and tracks, proverbs and riddles are even now essential property and topics for indigenous learning and training. Oral traditions do not only move the mores and criteria of a culture. They established out to make clear the globe and behaviour of the men and women in it. Oral traditions offer you accounts of how the environment began and these generation myths are portion also of the Holy Guides of all the world’s prolonged-established religions these types of as Christianity and Islam. Also described in allegorical conditions is all human behaviour in which superior does not often triumph over evil.

Stories which do not rely on literature in turn do not depend on literacy. They can achieve all of the community and their interactive good quality is itself energy, for it facilitates the functions of stories in social instruction, what Leeson (1985) named “passing on the country’s shared knowledge and values to the future technology.” Sadly there is a missing link in Sierra Leone as college going kids are perfectly acquainted with the stories of Excellent Britain, the United States of The us, Canada and Italy to cite a several illustrations but know pretty minor about their standard stories.

STORYTELLING IN SIERRA LEONE

Sierra Leone contains sixteen (sixteen) ethnic teams. The premier of these is the Mende discovered in the Southern and Jap Provinces. Up coming to them in range is the Temne in the North. The third biggest group is the Limba, also in the Northern Province, followed by the Kono in the Japanese Province. There is also the Koranko in the North as effectively as the Yalunka, Loko, Soso, Madingo and Fula. On the coast, North and South are the Bullom and Sherbro followed by the substantially scaled-down teams of Krim, Vai and Gola, with the Kissi further inland in the Eastern Province. The Western Area, together with Freetown, is extra mixed in inhabitants, but is basically the property of the Creole team. In all these ethnic groups storytelling is widespread as portion of their culture.

Ogutu and Roscoe (1974) experienced this to say about storytelling in Africa: “The continent has its own fiction traditions it has the tradition of storytelling, narrated orally… the medium by way of which Africa down the centuries has bared its soul, taught its people and entertained alone” (pp. 43-forty four).

Conventional stories in Sierra Leone are perceived as embodiment of the beliefs, customs, rituals and structures of modern society that require to be managed. Stories work within just culture to insure conformity to the recognized cultural norms of continuity from era to generation via their purpose in training and the extent to which they mirror tradition. Most conventional storytellers assert to derive their artwork via desires, spirits, and apprenticeship to professional storytellers others claim to get the artwork specifically from God even though some say they paid to acquire it. Storytellers have the adhering to characteristics:

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